Willie Lynch letter: The Making of a Slave (MUST READ)

This speech was said to have been delivered by Willie Lynch on the bank
of the James River in the colony of Virginia in 1712.  Lynch was a
British slave owner in the West Indies. He was invited to the colony of
Virginia in 1712 to teach his methods to slave owners there.

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[beginning of the Willie Lynch Letter]

Greetings,
Gentlemen. I greet you here on the bank of the James River in the
year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and twelve. First, I shall
thank you, the gentlemen of the Colony of Virginia, for bringing me
here. I am here to help you solve some of your problems with slaves.
Your invitation reached me on my modest plantation in the West Indies,
where I have experimented with some of the newest, and still the oldest,
methods for control of slaves. Ancient Rome would envy us if my program
is implemented. As our boat sailed south on the James River, named for
our illustrious King, whose version of the Bible we cherish, I saw
enough to know that your problem is not unique. While Rome used cords of
wood as crosses for standing human bodies along its highways in great
numbers, you are here using the tree and the rope on occasions. I caught
the whiff of a dead slave hanging from a tree, a couple miles back. You
are not only losing valuable stock by hangings, you are having
uprisings, slaves are running away, your crops are sometimes left in the
fields too long for maximum profit, you suffer occasional fires, your
animals are killed. Gentlemen, you know what your problems are; I do not
need to elaborate. I am not here to enumerate your problems, I am here
to introduce you to a method of solving them. In my bag here, I HAVE A FULL PROOF METHOD FOR CONTROLLING YOUR BLACK SLAVES. I guarantee every one of you that, if installed correctly, IT WILL CONTROL THE SLAVES FOR AT LEAST 300 HUNDREDS YEARS. My method is simple. Any member of your family or your overseer can use it. I
HAVE OUTLINED A NUMBER OF DIFFERENCES AMONG THE SLAVES; AND I TAKE
THESE DIFFERENCES AND MAKE THEM BIGGER. I USE FEAR, DISTRUST AND ENVY
FOR CONTROL PURPOSES
. These methods have worked on my modest
plantation in the West Indies and it will work throughout the South.
Take this simple little list of differences and think about them. On top
of my list is “AGE,” but it’s there only because it starts with an “a.”
The second is “COLOR” or shade. There is INTELLIGENCE, SIZE, SEX, SIZES OF PLANTATIONS, STATUS on plantations, ATTITUDE
of owners, whether the slaves live in the valley, on a hill, East,
West, North, South, have fine hair, course hair, or is tall or short.
Now that you have a list of differences, I shall give you an outline of
action, but before that, I shall assure you that DISTRUST IS STRONGER THAN TRUST AND ENVY STRONGER THAN ADULATION, RESPECT OR ADMIRATION. The Black slaves after receiving this indoctrination shall carry on and will become self-refueling and self-generating for HUNDREDS of years, maybe THOUSANDS. Don’t forget, you must pitch the OLD black male vs. the YOUNG black male, and the YOUNG black male against the OLD black male. You must use the DARK skin slaves vs. the LIGHT skin slaves, and the LIGHT skin slaves vs. the DARK skin slaves. You must use the FEMALE vs. the MALE, and the MALE vs. the FEMALE. You must also have white servants and overseers [who] distrust all Blacks. But it is NECESSARY THAT YOUR SLAVES TRUST AND DEPEND ON US. THEY MUST LOVE, RESPECT AND TRUST ONLY US. Gentlemen, these kits are your keys to control. Use them. Have your wives and children use them, never miss an opportunity. IF USED INTENSELY FOR ONE YEAR, THE SLAVES THEMSELVES WILL REMAIN PERPETUALLY DISTRUSTFUL. Thank you gentlemen.”

LET’S MAKE A SLAVE

It was the interest and business of slave holders to study human
nature, and the slave nature in particular, with a view to practical
results. I and many of them attained astonishing proficiency in this
direction. They had to deal not with earth, wood and stone, but with men
and, by every regard, they had for their own safety and prosperity they
needed to know the material on which they were to work, conscious of
the injustice and wrong they were every hour perpetuating and knowing
what they themselves would do. Were they the victims of such wrongs?
They were constantly looking for the first signs of the dreaded
retribution. They watched therefore with skilled and practiced eyes, and
learned to read with great accuracy, the state of mind and heart of the
slave, through his sable face. Unusual sobriety, apparent abstractions,
sullenness and indifference indeed, any mood out of the common was
afforded ground for suspicion and inquiry. Frederick Douglas LET’S MAKE A
SLAVE is a study of the scientific process of man-breaking and
slave-making. It describes the rationale and results of the Anglo
Saxons’ ideas and methods of insuring the master/slave relationship. LET’S MAKE A SLAVE “The Original and Development of a Social Being Called ‘The Negro.’

Let us make a slave. What do we need? First of all, we need a black
nigger man, a pregnant nigger woman and her baby nigger boy. Second, we
will use the same basic principle that we use in breaking a horse,
combined with some more sustaining factors. What we do with horses is
that we break them from one form of life to another; that is, we reduce
them from their natural state in nature. Whereas nature provides them
with the natural capacity to take care of their offspring, we break that
natural string of independence from them and thereby create a
dependency status, so that we may be able to get from them useful
production for our business and pleasure.

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CARDINAL PRINCIPLES FOR MAKING A NEGRO

For fear that our future generations may not understand the
principles of breaking both of the beast together, the nigger and the
horse. We understand that short range planning economics results in
periodic economic chaos; so that to avoid turmoil in the economy, it
requires us to have breadth and depth in long range comprehensive
planning, articulating both skill sharp perceptions. We lay down the
following principles for long range comprehensive economic planning.
Both horse and niggers [are] no good to the economy in the wild or
natural state. Both must be BROKEN and TIED together for orderly production. For orderly future, special and particular attention must be paid to the FEMALE and the YOUNGEST offspring. Both must be CROSSBRED to produce a variety and division of labor. Both must be taught to respond to a peculiar new LANGUAGE. Psychological and physical instruction of CONTAINMENT
must be created for both. We hold the six cardinal principles as truth
to be self-evident, based upon following the discourse concerning the
economics of breaking and tying the horse and the nigger together, all
inclusive of the six principles laid down above. NOTE: Neither principle
alone will suffice for good economics. All principles must be employed
for orderly good of the nation. Accordingly, both a wild horse and a
wild or natur[al] nigger is dangerous even if captured, for they will
have the tendency to seek their customary freedom and, in doing so,
might kill you in your sleep. You cannot rest. They sleep while you are
awake, and are awake while you are asleep. They are DANGEROUS
near the family house and it requires too much labor to watch them away
from the house. Above all, you cannot get them to work in this natural
state. Hence, both the horse and the nigger must be broken; that is
breaking them from one form of mental life to another. KEEP THE BODY, TAKE THE MIND!
In other words, break the will to resist. Now the breaking process is
the same for both the horse and the nigger, only slightly varying in
degrees. But, as we said before, there is an art in long range economic
planning. YOU MUST KEEP YOUR EYE AND THOUGHTS ON THE FEMALE and the OFFSPRING
of the horse and the nigger. A brief discourse in offspring development
will shed light on the key to sound economic principles. Pay little
attention to the generation of original breaking, but CONCENTRATE ON FUTURE GENERATION. Therefore, if you break the FEMALE mother, she will BREAK
the offspring in its early years of development; and when the offspring
is old enough to work, she will deliver it up to you, for her normal
female protective tendencies will have been lost in the original
breaking process. For example, take the case of the wild stud horse, a
female horse and an already infant horse and compare the breaking
process with two captured nigger males in their natural state, a
pregnant nigger woman with her infant offspring. Take the stud horse,
break him for limited containment. Completely break the female horse
until she becomes very gentle, whereas you or anybody can ride her in
her comfort. Breed the mare and the stud until you have the desired
offspring. Then, you can turn the stud to freedom until you need him
again. Train the female horse whereby she will eat out of your hand, and
she will in turn train the infant horse to eat out of your hand, also.
When it comes to breaking the uncivilized nigger, use the same process,
but vary the degree and step up the pressure, so as to do a complete
reversal of the mind. Take the meanest and most restless nigger, strip
him of his clothes in front of the remaining male niggers, the female,
and the nigger infant, tar and feather him, tie each leg to a different
horse faced in opposite directions, set him afire and beat both horses
to pull him apart in front of the remaining niggers. The next step is to
take a bullwhip and beat the remaining nigger males to the point of
death, in front of the female and the infant. Don’t kill him, but PUT THE FEAR OF GOD IN HIM, for he can be useful for future breeding.

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THE BREAKING PROCESS OF THE AFRICAN WOMAN

Take the female and run a series of tests on her to see if she will
submit to your desires willingly. Test her in every way, because she is
the most important factor for good economics. If she shows any sign of
resistance in submitting completely to your will, do not hesitate to use
the bullwhip on her to extract that last bit of [b—-] out of her.
Take care not to kill her, for in doing so, you spoil good economics.
When in complete submission, she will train her offsprings in the early
years to submit to labor when they become of age. Understanding is the
best thing. Therefore, we shall go deeper into this area of the subject
matter concerning what we have produced here in this breaking process of
the female nigger. We have reversed the relationship; in her natural
uncivilized state, she would have a strong dependency on the uncivilized
nigger male, and she would have a limited protective tendency toward
her independent male offspring and would raise male offsprings to be
dependent like her. Nature had provided for this type of balance. We
reversed nature by burning and pulling a civilized nigger apart and
bullwhipping the other to the point of death, all in her presence. By
her being left alone, unprotected, with the MALE IMAGE DESTROYED,
the ordeal caused her to move from her psychologically dependent state
to a frozen, independent state. In this frozen, psychological state of
independence, she will raise her MALE and female offspring in reversed roles. For FEAR of the young male’s life, she will psychologically train him to be MENTALLY WEAK and DEPENDENT, but PHYSICALLY STRONG. Because she has become psychologically independent, she will train her FEMALE offsprings to be psychologically independent. What have you got? You’ve got the nigger WOMAN OUT FRONT AND THE nigger MAN BEHIND AND SCARED.
This is a perfect situation of sound sleep and economics. Before the
breaking process, we had to be alertly on guard at all times. Now, we
can sleep soundly, for out of frozen fear his woman stands guard for us.
He cannot get past her early slave-molding process. He is a good tool,
now ready to be tied to the horse at a tender age. By the time a nigger
boy reaches the age of sixteen, he is soundly broken in and ready for a
long life of sound and efficient work and the reproduction of a unit of
good labor force. Continually through the breaking of uncivilized savage
niggers, by throwing the nigger female savage into a frozen
psychological state of independence, by killing the protective male
image, and by creating a submissive dependent mind of the nigger male
slave, we have created an orbiting cycle that turns on its own axis
forever, unless a phenomenon occurs and re-shifts the position of the
male and female slaves. We show what we mean by example. Take the case
of the two economic slave units and examine them close.

THE NEGRO MARRIAGE

We breed two nigger males with two nigger females. Then, we take the
nigger male away from them and keep them moving and working. Say one
nigger female bears a nigger female and the other bears a nigger male;
both nigger females—being without influence of the nigger male image,
frozen with a independent psychology—will raise their offspring into
reverse positions. The one with the female offspring will teach her to
be like herself, independent and negotiable (we negotiate with her,
through her, by her, negotiates her at will). The one with the nigger
male offspring, she being frozen subconscious fear for his life, will
raise him to be mentally dependent and weak, but physically strong; in
other words, body over mind. Now, in a few years when these two
offsprings become fertile for early reproduction, we will mate and breed
them and continue the cycle. That is good, sound and long range
comprehensive planning.

WARNING: POSSIBLE INTERLOPING NEGATIVES

Earlier, we talked about the non-economic good of the horse and the
nigger in their wild or natural state; we talked out the principle of
breaking and tying them together for orderly production. Furthermore, we
talked about paying particular attention to the female savage and her
offspring for orderly future planning, then more recently we stated
that, by reversing the positions of the male and female savages, we
created an orbiting cycle that turns on its own axis forever unless a
phenomenon occurred and reshifts positions of the male and female
savages. Our experts warned us about the possibility of this phenomenon
occurring, for they say that the mind has a strong drive to correct and
re-correct itself over a period of time if it can touch some substantial
original historical base; and they advised us that the best way to deal
with the phenomenon is to shave off the brute’s mental history and
create a multiplicity of phenomena of illusions, so that each illusion
will twirl in its own orbit, something similar to floating balls in a
vacuum. This creation of multiplicity of phenomena of illusions entails
the principle of crossbreeding the nigger and the horse as we stated
above, the purpose of which is to create a diversified division of
labor; thereby creating different levels of labor and different values
of illusion at each connecting level of labor. The results of which is
the severance of the points of original beginnings for each sphere
illusion. Since we feel that the subject matter may get more complicated
as we proceed in laying down our economic plan concerning the purpose,
reason and effect of crossbreeding horses and niggers, we shall lay down
the following definition terms for future generations. Orbiting cycle
means a thing turning in a given path. Axis means upon which or around
which a body turns. 

Phenomenon means something beyond ordinary
conception and inspires awe and wonder. Multiplicity means a great
number. Means a globe. Crossbreeding a horse means taking a horse and
breeding it with an ass and you get a dumb, backward, ass long-headed
mule that is not reproductive nor productive by itself. 

Crossbreeding
niggers mean taking so many drops of good white blood and putting them
into as many nigger women as possible, varying the drops by the various
tone that you want, and then letting them breed with each other until
another circle of color appears as you desire. What this means is this:
Put the niggers and the horse in a breeding pot, mix some asses and some
good white blood and what do you get? You got a multiplicity of colors
of ass backward, unusual niggers, running, tied to backward ass
long-headed mules, the one productive of itself, the other sterile. (The
one constant, the other dying, we keep the nigger constant for we may
replace the mules for another tool) both mule and nigger tied to each
other, neither knowing where the other came from and neither productive
for itself, nor without each other.

CONTROLLED LANGUAGE

Crossbreeding completed, for further severance from their original beginning, WE MUST COMPLETELY ANNIHILATE THE MOTHER TONGUE
of both the new nigger and the new mule, and institute a new language
that involves the new life’s work of both. You know language is a
peculiar institution. It leads to the heart of a people. The more a
foreigner knows about the language of another country the more he is
able to move through all levels of that society. Therefore, if the
foreigner is an enemy of the country, to the extent that he knows the
body of the language, to that extent is the country vulnerable to attack
or invasion of a foreign culture. For example, if you take a slave, if
you teach him all about your language, he will know all your secrets,
and he is then no more a slave, for you can’t fool him any longer, and BEING A FOOL IS ONE OF THE BASIC INGREDIENTS OF ANY INCIDENTS TO THE MAINTENANCE OF THE SLAVERY SYSTEM.
For example, if you told a slave that he must perform in getting out
“our crops” and he knows the language well, he would know that “our
crops” didn’t mean “our crops” and the slavery system would break down,
for he would relate on the basis of what “our crops” really meant. So
you have to be careful in setting up the new language; for the slaves
would soon be in your house, talking to you as “man to man” and that is
death to our economic system. In addition, the definitions of words or
terms are only a minute part of the process. Values are created and
transported by communication through the body of the language. A total
society has many interconnected value systems. All the values in the
society have bridges of language to connect them for orderly working in
the society. But for these language bridges, these many value systems
would sharply clash and cause internal strife or civil war, the degree
of the conflict being determined by the magnitude of the issues or
relative opposing strength in whatever form. For example, if you put a
slave in a hog pen and train him to live there and incorporate in him to
value it as a way of life completely, the biggest problem you would
have out of him is that he would worry you about provisions to keep the
hog pen clean, or the same hog pen and make a slip and incorporate
something in his language whereby he comes to value a house more than he
does his hog pen, you got a problem. He will soon be in your house.

Additional Note: “Henty Berry, speaking in the Virginia House of
Delegates in 1832, described the situation as it existed in many parts
of the South at this time: “We have, as far as possible, closed every
avenue by which light may enter their (the slaves) minds. If we could
extinguish the capacity to see the light, our work would be complete;
they would then be on a level with the beasts of the field and we should
be safe. I am not certain that we would not do it, if we could find out
the process and that on the plea of necessity.” From Brown America, The
story of a New Race by Edwin R. Embree. 1931 The Viking Press.

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